Thursday, May 20, 2021

The Winchester Model 70 Project Part 3

If you missed parts 1 & 2 click on the links below

Part 1
Part 2

When we left off we had prepped the stock for the oil finish, now we begin applying the oil. We will be using Minwax Antique Oil Finish. I don't know what is in it, but it acts much like tung oil.



The first coat goes on thick, rubbed in with my finger and then the palm of my hand, the wood will absorb the oil pretty quickly.



We remove the tape, but stay away from the checkering for now, if any oil does get into the checkering, dab it off with a paper towel. The checkering is oiled last.


After the first coat soaks in for 24 hours we begin filling the grain. We do this by applying plenty of oil and then wet sanding the stock with 400 grit sand paper. Remember only sand with the grain, not against it.



Then we wipe the slurry of sanding dust and oil into the grain, wipe with and against the grain, the slurry with fill the voids, making the stock smooth and reflect light evenly.

Here is the stock after the first sanded in coat is cured



This is the look we are after, we will sand in the next coat with 600 grit, then 1200 grit


Here it is after three sanded in applications of oil, we will sand it with 1200 grit and rub the oil in hard, then wipe with a special "lint-free" paper towel




note how the light reflects evenly but the surface is not super shiny, this was exactly the finish we are after


The last coat includes brushing oil into the checkering, when doing this you need to make sure the entire area is covered and there is no extra oil building up in the corners.



Time to start on the metal parts. We will be careful not to "over-restore" the gun, we want to mimic the finish the factory put on the gun back in 1947

After drifting out the sights I get to the sanding......the pitting was worse than I thought.....I don't know why I am surprised...it always is worse than I think





and of course I will have to work around the roll marks


After several hours, the barrel is ready, this is a 400 grit finish, before bluing I will give it a polishing with 600 grit paper and a light buffing with a Crocus cloth.




Next we get to work on the other small parts



I disassembled the bolt and will need to clean and polish some of the parts





I mimicked the original finish on the safety lever


The extractor was polished to a high shine from the factory, so after removing any blemishes, we polished it 




The bolt handle will need some work



I removed the pitting from the ball knob and polished the bolt body, I will have to remove the bluing and polish it again after it comes out of the bluing tank


Then I removed the floor plate latch from the trigger guard, it was rusty and pitted as well


Trigger guard polished to a 400 grit finish, I was surprised at how much of the machine tool marks were still visible on the inside of the trigger guard


I removed the pits from the floor plate catch


The sight hood was pitted, I looked into buying a good used one, but they sell for $50 or more....so I spent an hour or so restoring its finish




I cleaned up the screws, again trying to mimic the original finish


One of the last steps was to bead blast the bolt handle and receiver. So I taped off the polished parts and bead blasted it with some special glass bead blasting media I bought just for doing Winchester and Remington rifles.



Stay Tuned.....

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