Friday, November 28, 2014

Jeweling a Rifle Bolt

Jeweling (also known as "engine turning" or "damascasing") gun parts has been performed on high end sporting guns since around the turn of the century.
I'm not sure who had the 1st idea, but it is a simple process that adds some "bling" to a gun.

The process has been used for other, non-gun related items as well. The engine cowling on Charles Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis was engine turned.
 After WWII hot rodders adopted the practice to dress up engine and dash parts
 Some cars even came with engine turned parts from the factory, here is a dash from a 1964 Chevy Impala
 The process is quite simple. 1. you polish the part to a high shine (this is important). 2. You set up a jig or vice for a drill press. 3. you create small, overlapping circles in the polished metal

There are numerous items that can be used to create the circles. In the past machinists have used pencil erasers, wood dowels, steel brushes or dedicated abrasives. Some use these tools along with a mild or medium abrasive, like jeweler's rouge, metal polish, car wax, valve lapping compound, even toothpaste.....

Here is a steel brush designed for jeweling, they are available from Midway USA 
 Midway USA also offers these Cratex brand abrasive sticks
 I ordered the 1/4" size from Midway USA, available here

I needed a vice for the drill press, I bought this cheap one from Harbor Freight, although if I had to do it over (and I still might) I would be a better quality, American made one.


I will be overlapping the circles by 50%.

50% overlap is not a requirement, only a rule of thumb. You can overlap more or less, you can go in straight lines or at an angle. There really are no rules, some gunsmiths and  machinists have their own pattern that acts as their "signature" 
The machinist vice that I bought moves 1/8" with every full rotation of the handle(s). This made it easy (and fast) to evenly space my circles.

I decided to start with an easy part to jewel first. A 10-22 bolt for my daughters Girly Rifle Project.

After polishing the bolt, I put it in my vice and used just the Cratex, nothing else.

 I liked the results, but the jeweling didn't appear very deep. So on my next bolt (from my Remington model 58 project) I decided to use some abrasive compound. I made my own using Mother's mag polish and some powder which I had on hand

Again I liked the results, but the depth of the circles was not what I was hoping for. I think I would like to try something more aggressive like a wood dowel.
One thing you should know, is that this finish is not going to be very durable, it will wear off. Some say that the jeweling actually helps prevent wear on the bolt due to its ability to hold oil better than a plain polished surface.

My next bolt will be the one from my Arisaka Redux project, but I need to build or buy a jig

There are several available, like these ones from Wheeler Engineering 
and B-Square
 Both are available from Midway USA

 Here are some different bolts & parts that have been jeweled, to provide you with some ideas and/or inspiration

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Building a Girly Rifle Part 2

The 1st thing I wanted to take care of was the action job. The 10-22s internals do not come from the factory smooth, they are as they left the mold. 
Although this gun's internals didn't look as bad as others I have seen.
The sear, dis-connector, hammer, firing pin, extractor, trigger plunger, hammer strut and bolt were all polished.
I then jeweled the bolt

Here is the bolt after re-installing the firing pin and extractor.
 The inside of the receiver is painted, the paint was already chipped and pealing away
So I polished the inside of the receiver as well
The paint Ruger uses is thicker than the anodizing they used to put on the 10/22 receivers. I had to polish the bolt stop hole in order to install the KIDD bolt buffer. I used 220 grit paper wrapped around a punch.

Next up was the scope. I cut the Mossy Oak camo skin and stretched it to fit, using a heat gun. Be careful, the stuff heats quickly.

I Installed it on this Leapers 3-9x40mm scope
I decided against the anodized pink scope rings. Perhaps one day I will learn to anodize aluminum. 
Thanks to Amazon I scored a made in the USA set of aluminum & stainless scope rings from Weaver. These rings will supply the necessary room for the 40mm objective and their hollow base design allows for using the original open sights if the scope should fog or fail.

The lower portion of these rings are aluminum and match the receiver & barrel on the 10/22

The Weaver rings are top quality, as you would expect from a product made in the U.S.A. 

Next I polished the stainless tops of the scope rings.
 As expected the fitment of the rings was right on the money
Last up was the painting of the magazine, using the Krylon Glitter paint

Here is the rifle finished